Here is the web development practical guide that gives you the introduction to web development and helps you to choose a right path for your career. The primary purpose of this article is to provide you with the acknowledgement of web development and full stack developer skills set.
What you’re going to learn?
- Introduction to Web Development
- Tools & Softwares in Web Development
- Technologies in Web Development
- Front-end Developer OR Web Designer
- Front-end Frameworks
- Server-Side/Back-end Technologies
- Server-side/Back-end Frameworks
- Content Management System (CMS)
- Dev Ops & Deploying Applications
- Mobile Applications
- Back-end Developer
- Full Stack Developer
- Where to next?
Things to know before we start
This guide of web development tools, technologies and your options to choose which one is suitable for you, based on both facts and opinions of experts. After reading this, look for other places and browse each topic for clear understanding. Also, I will recommend you decide what type of developer you are now or want to be like Front End Developer, Web Designer, Back End Developer, API Creator and Full Stack Developer.
Brief Introduction to Web Development
According to wiki “Web development can range from developing the simplest static single page of plain text to the most complex web-based internet applications (or just ‘web apps’) electronic businesses, and social network services.”
In simple words, creating a web-based page is called web development. Now the question is what the mean of a web-based page? The answer is quite simple, web base on HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheet) so when you create a file with HTML extension it means you created a web-based page, CSS for style your page if you want – definitely you will use CSS. The web is a collection of web-based pages. And if you are new to web development or it’s your first introduction to web development, don’t worry about HTML and CSS because you’re going to know a lot more. It consists of two main aspects of client-side and server-side coding. We can refer client side as Front-End and server side as Backend.
Tools & Software in Web Development
In the previous section we discuss web development briefly, now it’s time to discuss tools & software in web development. There are many text editors, and IDE are available, and you can use whatever you want, but the most popular and useful by expert’s opinion.
Here is a simple definition “Text editors are the computer program that edits your plain text just like notepad which is the simplest windows text editor.” If you are new to web development and want to learn HTML & CSS, I recommend you use notepad as your first text editor at least for a week, so it will help you to remember HTML tags and language syntax. After that, you have a huge variety of text editors including Brackets, Sublime Text, Visual Studio Code and Atom. These are all awesome in their term of use and provide ease to write code. My favourite text editor is brackets and still, I am using it for front-end work. For Back-End work, Visual Studio Code is one of my best text editors nowadays.
IDEs are Integrated Development Environment and built for large-scale applications. These are helpful when you’re developing your app. It will help you to debug the code and provides a lot of useful hints, language syntax, errors identification and much more. Most popular IDEs for web development are NetBeans, Dreamweaver, PHP Storm, Eclipse and Microsoft Visual Studio. You can choose anyone that suitable for you, but for me, I prefer to use NetBeans for Back-End development, but you can use them for front-end as well but not recommended.
We are talking about the web but how can we forget to discuss browser. We need a good browser to render a website. Browsers understand the HTML pages. The most popular browsers are Chrome and Firefox in all of the world. So, I will recommend you to choose anyone from them or use both as I am.
In the web, images play an essential role. By using photos, websites look fantastic and make a good impression on the viewer. So, we also need an image editing tool as well. Some image editing tools are Adobe Photoshop, GIMP and Adobe Illustrator or you can go for any good online tool that will be useful for you. Also, you can browse them and find which one best fits for you.
When you developed your web application, the next step is to lunch your application. For uploading your app in the server, you can use cPanel provided by your hosting company or by using FTP client. There is easiest and simple way is to use FTP client, it’s slow but works fine. You can also use SSH tool too. FileZilla is one the best FTP Client Tool available free. Off course you are going to need of a good hosting server. At the stage of the learning process, don’t go for an online server but at the end, you should know online server, hosting, domain, and some other basic stuff.
It’s optional, but I recommend you to use it for backup purpose. You can store your web projects in any cloud storage. Most popular and free cloud storages are Dropbox, Google Drive and One Drive.
Technologies in Web Development
As we discussed before, web development is creating a web-based page. And web-based pages are made up by HTML and CSS. Every website must use both technologies. As we know, HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language which means it describes the structure of the web pages using markup. In HTML we create building blocks to define the structure of web page are called elements. Elements consist of tags. Every HTML tag represents some information for example “heading”, “paragraph”, “table”, “form”. Browser doesn’t display the tag but uses them to render the content on the web page. So we have to focus on two points for getting the most from HTML. One is HTML tags and the second is building blocks. For learning HTML, you can learn them online or can buy any good HTML book; choices is yours. If you learn quickly by reading stuff, I as suppose you do so go for HTML&CSS by JON Duckett book. But if you learn quickly by watching someone you can learn from any E-Learning Website, options are a lot, but I recommend you go for quality, not quantity.
When you feel you know a lot about HTML, go for CSS. It is necessary you should know the basics of both technologies. I’m not asking you to learn everything about these two technologies at once. At the start, you only need to know the basics and core fundamentals of HTML and CSS.
CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets which describes the representation of HTML pages. We can style our pages using CSS as we want. In CSS, we use HTML elements which call selectors in CSS, and we define the properties – also referred to as a declaration, of each element. You can learn CSS from an online resource or book. One of the main aspects of CSS we should know responsive layouts. For making responsive layouts, we use media queries.
There is a lot more in CSS, take time to learn things because these are the first necessary steps for your career as Front-End Developer, Back-End Developer or Full Stack Developer.
Here is a tip:
You can find out many good quality videos on Youtube and if you want to watch the whole course go for Udemy, don’t just select randomly any course but do a little work before starting like go through course reviews, content and also watch the preview video. If you satisfied with the course take it, no matter it paid or free. It will give you the knowledge, and all you need is knowledge.
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